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A Simple Guideline to Drip Irrigation Installation
by Sally Smith on Feb 25, 2016
It is estimated that less than 21% of the earth's surface is filled with fresh water. These statistics show that water is becoming a more scarce resource as the days go by and hence the need to conserve it by all means. The amount of water used in watering our gardens can be reduced by drip irrigation installation that also ensures that every drop of it is utilized. This article provides a simple guide that will make your work easier in the efforts of reducing water wastage and keeping your garden green.
How to Install Garden Irrigation System
To answer the question, how to install a garden irrigation system, you must have the correct irrigation supplies. A good drip irrigation kit will comprise of a hammer, Hunter irrigation controllers, timer, various emitters, hose-plug, and connectors half/quarter-inch tubing and terminals, shears, 12-volt water pump, hole punch, and clamps.
Before you initialize in setting up your drip irrigation system, you need to have a proper plan for your garden. This plan will be determined by the size of the backyard as well as the type of crops in it. Plants have different water requirements and therefore they will require different supplies. It is advisable to set up different zones for different plants to make your irrigation easier.
Drip Irrigation Installation Steps
- i. The first step involves measuring the area to be irrigated. If you had already planted before installation, then you need to take the measurement of the individual rows and measure the distance from the central water faucet.
- ii. Draw a sketch of the garden with the accepted measures and counter check it with the actual layout on the ground. It becomes easier to work with a drawn plan than the trial and error method.
- iii. After you have your measurements, then you need to establish the layout that your system will take. Here, there are two available options; the first option is to run the main faucet at the edge of the field from which you connect sub-lines across the rows. The main challenge with this layout is the possibility of increased leaking due to the numerous connections. It is, however, suitable for large fields' irrigation. The second option includes twisting the tubing around each row up to the end of the field. There are no instances of leakage in this setup, but it is only convenient for small gardens.
- iv. Connect the tubing using connectors and secure them firmly to the ground.
- v. Make holes in the irrigation lines behind the plant being watered. Water regulators can be used to control the amount of water each plant receives per hour.
- vi. When the ground is set, and then connects the main water line to the setup system of regulators and timer.
- vii. Turn on the faucet manually or with a timer to check your system for leakages and other malfunctions. There are several on a water pump to regulate pressure to the desired level.
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