411homerepair.com

Latest Articles

Why Metal Blacking is Often a Better Choice than Plating and Painting

As a manufacturer who usually works with metal, you might need a way to change the colour of your products to make them as appealing as possible to...

on May 22, 2017

How to Add the Right Accent to your Home Decor?

What is it that turns a house into a home? It is usually the brick-a-brass you have picked up, from different corners of the world, during your...

on May 19, 2017

DIY Roof Inspection of your New Home

I’m writing this post as to provide fast, basic, and quality information related to roof related issues for people looking to buy old houses....

on May 17, 2017

What Causes Creaky Floorboards?

There is nothing worse than tiptoeing around your home while people are asleep and hearing a harmony of squeaking floorboards. Nearly all homes...

on May 16, 2017

Designing a Landscape Lighting System

by Guest on Apr 29, 2012

Before deciding what and how to light, we must first ask "why light?" Our design decisions are dependent on proposed uses for landscape lighting...for safety, security, property value, or enhancement of the beauty of the garden and structures. Most likely, the answer will be a combination of two or more of these uses. a specific technique can be employed to satisfy more than one requirement...for example, uplighting a prominent tree near the house entrance will provide safety, security and aesthetic enhancement.

Landscape lighting design is very similar to the design of the landscape itself: we must determine focal points, use areas, traffic patterns, outdoor "rooms," style, mood, etc. We need to consider how the proposed lighting will enhance the form, color and texture of the soft and hard landscape elements. Lighting should serve to unify both interior and exterior design themes, conceal what may be unattractive and shape the view of the landscape at night.

The design process should begin with a site map, drawn to scale, showing all landscape features and areas that need lighting. Fixtures and lamps are chosen for each area based on the desired effects ...path lights for safe passage along walks and stairs, wash fixtures for silhouette effects against a wall, etc.

One common mistake is to overlight; low levels of light create subtle beauty, and are often also sufficient for safety and security. Use brighter lighting effects for focal points, and consider the effects that different light intensities will have on the overall design.

after deciding on the size and placement of lighting fixtures, the electrical system is designed. The heart of the system is the transformer, which converts the household 120 volts into safe, efficient 12 volts, and delivers this voltage to several circuits. Using appropriately sized cables and approved connectors, fixtures are connected to the transformer.

Group fixtures in zones determined by the distance to the transformer. The number of fixtures on each circuit will be limited by the wattage of individual lamps, distance to the transformer and associated voltage drop in the circuit.

Voltage drop calculations are critical; excess voltage results in hot lamps with greatly shortened life - insufficient voltage results in weak, ineffective lighting. The design challenge is to match cable size, total lamp wattage and circuit length to produce voltage within the range of 10.5 to 12 volts. a new generation of transformers uses a multi-tap configuration to provide voltages in excess of 12 volts for those zones at a sufficient distance from the transformer. (The excess voltage is reduced by the length of run to the first fixture). This allows greater design freedom and efficiency

a common practice among lighting designers and installers is to allow for plenty of movement of the fixture locations. By leaving extra cable at each fixture, changes can be made to the system after installation, and after several years of plant growth.

This has been a very brief introduction to the world of landscape lighting. There's a vast amount of additional knowledge available for the homeowner to consider, whether he or she wishes to design and/or install a home lighting system, or merely to learn more about the possibilities. The following are highly recommended sources:

The following are highly recommended sources: The Landscape Lighting Book by Janet Lennox Moyer...both available from online and offline sources.

Most Recent Articles

Sponsored Articles

Random Articles

Not Just for Wood: Home DIY Projects Made Easier with a Jigsaw

There are so many reasons why even the most basic of DIYers should have a jigsaw. Every time you saw a piece of wood and wish the result was just a...

Improvements / Remodeling

Painting Horizontal Wall Stripes

As with any painting project, preparation is crucial to achieving a high quality result when painting wall stripes. Whether you are painting one...

Painting / Wallpaper

Alabama Local Builders Associations

Find a local builder or council, please contact the home builders' association (HBA) in your area.

Builders Associations

Woodworking 101

If you are considering woodworking as a hobby, there are a few tools and resources that you will need. Start with a solid work bench and measuring...

Tools / Woodworking

6 Signs to Know That Your Kitchen Needs Remodeling

All of our homes need a bit of a remodel every now and then. And that’s the most accurate in our kitchens. This is the one room in our home where...

Kitchen / Bathrooms

Actions

Contact Us | Submit Article | RSS | 411homerepair © 2017