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Different types of Concrete Resurfacing Techniques

Concrete was perhaps the most important invention in the world of construction, besides bricks. The use of concrete transcends place and time,...

on Feb 24, 2020

Add Value with Better Bathroom Design

Enhancing your home can increase the value of your property, as well as create a more comfortable living environment. Whether you live in a one-bed...

on Feb 15, 2020

Choosing a Modern Living Room Design

If you’re thinking about redecorating your living room, you might want to go for a total design overhaul. While something traditional is all very...

on Feb 14, 2020

Wallpaper Repair - Repasting, Blisters, Tears, Spots

Damaged wallpaper can be repaired. It's ideal if you have extra wallpaper that matches the pattern for repairs. Repasting, removing clusters,...

on Feb 13, 2020

How to Calculate the Right Amount of Paint for a Room

Painting a room, no matter how large or small, can create some confusion when it is time to purchase paint. You want to be sure that you get enough...

on Feb 13, 2020

Basic Concepts: Line and Form for Landscaping

by Dan Eskelson on Apr 29, 2012

This will be the first in a series exploring the fundamental design principles used in the creation of landscapes; many of these concepts are common to other forms of creative expression - painting, sculpture, music...the art of landscape design seeks to create a functional, unified and aesthetically pleasing outdoor environment.

Other creative elements employed in landscape design include color, texture, scale, symmetry, proportion, rhythm and repetition; all are dependent on each other and must be considered together to produce a unified design. Unlike most art forms, seasonal and long term changes in form, color and other elements must be considered. Line is created in the landscape by existing patterns of structures, hardscapes, planting beds and plant material. Line influences how the eye moves through the landscape - horizontally along walks and planting beds and vertically up and down plant forms and structures. Line is also created by individual plant shape (i.e. branches, leaves) and how various plant shapes are arranged.

Straight lines are perceived as formal ad structural; curved lines are perceived as natural and relaxing. Straight lines will lead the eye more directly to a point than curved lines. Thus, line will influence the "mood" of the landscape and should be considered in relation to the overall intent or theme; the vast majority of new landscapes utilize more curved lines to offset the very structured elements of architecture - and the very structured quality of modern life! Closely related to the concept of line is form, which may relate to an individual plant, or to the arrangement of plants in the landscape. Plants are classified as upright, columnar, spreading, weeping, pyramidal, round, etc. - a plant grouping may also be described using these terms.

The form of structures should also be considered, as well as the relationship between this form and the form of adjacent plants. Forms may complement or contrast; we may use tall, columnar plant forms around a building with very steep, projecting roof lines to complement the architecture. Or it may be desired to contrast these vertical architectural elements with low, spreading forms. There are no strict rules for the use of form, but it's important to consider the effects that form exerts on the total landscape design.

Again, remember that plant forms change over time; the specific purpose of a form should be considered in terms of mature size; though the landscape may seem sparse at first, growth will produce the desired effect. Examples of over-planted landscapes are common; in an effort to achieve a "finished" look, too many plants are installed, resulting eventually in a congested, unappealing landscape. We'll continue this discussion of the basic concepts of landscape design in the next issue; if you have any questions or comments, feel free to contact me.

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