411homerepair.com

Latest Articles

5 tips on how to increase house value

If you’re looking for ways to increase the value of your property and make potential buyers weak at the knees, these five handy tips on how...

on Feb 17, 2020

Add Value with Better Bathroom Design

Enhancing your home can increase the value of your property, as well as create a more comfortable living environment. Whether you live in a one-bed...

on Feb 15, 2020

Choosing a Modern Living Room Design

If you’re thinking about redecorating your living room, you might want to go for a total design overhaul. While something traditional is all very...

on Feb 14, 2020

Wallpaper Repair - Repasting, Blisters, Tears, Spots

Damaged wallpaper can be repaired. It's ideal if you have extra wallpaper that matches the pattern for repairs. Repasting, removing clusters,...

on Feb 13, 2020

How to Calculate the Right Amount of Paint for a Room

Painting a room, no matter how large or small, can create some confusion when it is time to purchase paint. You want to be sure that you get enough...

on Feb 13, 2020

The Art and Science of Pruning: a Short Introduction

by Dan Eskelson on Apr 30, 2012

Please also visit part 2, The Art and Science of Pruning

Most landscape plants need regular pruning, whether to preserve a loose, natural form, or to create tight,compact shapes. Each individual tree or shrub has its own, unique pruning needs, depending on variety, soil type, exposure and desired result. For instance, we prune a birch or hawthorne for ornamental value, but prune an apple or plum for fruit production; basic pruning rules apply to both, but final techniques and results are vastly different. Each individual plant will change its pruning requirements from year to year.

The "art" of pruning seeks to create a mature form over the course of several seasons - or several decades - it is an art not to be hurried. The "science" of pruning requires knowledge of plant types, growth habits, flowering or fruiting characteristics and the mastery of a few important skills.

Pruning stimulates and directs growth, maintains plant health and creates a form to support the "crop" (foliage, flowers or fruit). Two basic techniques, heading back and thinning are used to create form. The desired form for standard size fruit trees and many ornamentals is a vase shape, with four to seven strong, well-placed "leaders". These leaders form the framework which holds future growth. In contrast to the vase shape, dwarf and semi dwarf fruit trees and some ornamentals are pruned to a central leader, or modified central leader form. The early shaping of young trees and shrubs is extremely important for the development of a strong, well balanced framework.

Any cut made to a small branch must be made just above a bud. Pruning ExampleThis heading back influences the form of the plant by directing growth according to the position of the bud and by stimulating growth below the cut. Thinning creates form by removing entire branches. On vigorously growing plants (apples and many others) thinning is required for most of the plant's life. With yearly pruning, Pruning Limbs however, thinning of wood older than one year is seldom required. If larger, saw cuts are necessary, follow the procedure.

Although many plants are pruned during dormancy (winter-early spring), several important exceptions exist. Shrubs which bloom in early spring (rhododendron, azalea, forsythia and others) have developed flower buds the previous season and should be pruned shortly after bloom. Maples will "bleed" excessively if cut in early spring and are best pruned in fall. Evergreens are pruned shortly after the full development of the new season's growth.

Pruning maintains plant health by removing dead, diseased and damaged wood. Diseased wood should be removed from the site immediately; in severe cases such as firelight in pears, the cutting tool must be dipped in a weak bleach solution after each cut. The importance of proper cutting technique cannot be overemphasized. Well built tools, with razor sharp edges, must be used; a ragged cut will not heal, leaving the plant susceptible to rots and disease. For the same reason, cuts must be made at precisely correct locations. Do not use tree paint or any other sealer on pruning cuts.

The above guidelines are meant as a very brief survey of basic pruning purpose and technique. Before making too many cuts, the aspiring pruner should first attain further knowledge through reading and/or lessons from an experienced landscape professional. This fascinating art and science is well worth the time and energy invested in learning.

Author

Most Recent Articles

Sponsored Articles

Random Articles

Washington Local Builders Associations

Find a local builder or council, please contact the home builders' association (HBA) in your area.

Builders Associations

8 Steps to Making Your Home Energy-Efficient

An eco-friendly home can be any shade of green, from the palest mint to the most in-depth forests. Through adopting some ecologically-friendly...

HVAC / Air Conditioning

Lacquered Finish vs Oil Finish: What is Best?

New wood floors require a type of finish.The finish is as important as the look of your floor, since the finish helps preserves the look of the...

Interior Design / Decor

Colorado Local Builders Associations

Find a local builder or council, please contact the home builders' association (HBA) in your area.

Builders Associations

French Door Refrigerator Purchasing Guide

Purchasing French door refrigerators doesn’t have to involve a lot of guesswork.  If you do the research beforehand and know what the buying...

Appliance / Repair

Actions

Contact Us | Submit Article | 411homerepair © 2020